I present a tale of six studies.

The study finds that about equal numbers of men and women want to be promoted—around three-quarters of each group. Similarly, about the same share of entry-level employees, women and men, want to reach the highest possible job at their organizations. But men’s desire to get to the top intensifies as their careers pro­gress, while women’s gradually fades away.

Lean In’s findings jive with other studies. […]

Bain found no evidence that parental or marital status had anything to do with the drop-off. If that’s the case, why do more men come out on top? Women are quick to say that their workplaces are biased against them. More than 40 percent say they have fewer opportunities than men at their jobs, compared to just 12 percent of men who agree that women get left out. And this hunch only gets worse as women progress. Less than a quarter of entry-level women say their gender has inhibited their success, which grows to 31 percent of middle management and 40 percent of senior management.

Ouch. Lean In’s study is over here, while Bain’s problematic one can be found here.

according to a new report, women in the United States are paid less in all industries at every level for the same work as men, Reuters reported Thursday. The study, conducted by PayScale Inc., analyzed data from a poll of 1.4 million full-time workers and found the biggest wage discrepancy is between married men and women with children. Fathers earned the highest median salaries (about $67,900), while single women with children had the lowest ($38,200). Additionally, men’s salaries steadily increased until their 50s, but women’s wages stagnated in their mid- to late 30s.

“The gender pay gap is absolutely real,” Aubrey Bach, senior editorial manager of PayScale Inc., told Reuters. “Half or more of our workforce is made of women, but we are still not progressing at the same level as men.”


This study adds to an already disparate financial landscape for women, compared to their male counterparts. In 2014, women working full time in the United States made 79 cents for every dollar their male counterparts made, according to the American Association of University Women. What’s more, the gap is significantly worse for women of color and mothers, according to the same report, and another 2015 study revealed that at the current pace, the gap likely won’t completely close until 2058.

Grrrr. Studies three, four, and the source of five; they don’t provide a handy link, alas.

IMF economists found that improving one rung on the United Nations’ index of gender inequality – which takes into account factors ranging from maternal mortality to education and work force participation – could boost growth by nearly 1 percentage point.

If the United States improved to the level of top-ranked Slovenia, that could push the economy to grow nearly 2.5 per cent faster, according to Reuters calculations. The IMF forecasts U.S. growth at 2.6 per cent growth this year.

This is the carrot to the stick: removing discrimination not only, well, removes discrimination, it leads to stronger, healthier economies. Study six is here.